ADHD is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by hyperactive behavior, impulsivity and inattention. It occurs in children, it’s most commonly recognized when the child starts school, and if unrecognized or inadequately treated, the disorder persists into adulthood (according to WHO, even at 60%).
It occurs in 3-5% of school children, more often boys than girls. It is identified in early education, because of more strictly structured demands that children face, which weren’t present during pre-school education.
As a result of their environment’s lack of understanding, children with ADHD often become victims of rejection by peers, are marked by the school, feel their parents’ displeasure, are aware of, but do not understand their own academic failure, often develop very low self-esteem, and in the end some of the children leave school and become a part of inappropriate groups that provide them with a sense of acceptance.
Diagnosis of the disorder is neither quick nor easy. It takes a multidisciplinary team’s time and effort, in order to determine whether the damage is present, and if it is, which areas of the child’s daily functioning it affects.
A correct diagnosis is the first step towards adequate treatment.
Diagnosis and treatment
How is attention measured?
Accessing and monitoring the treatment of attention deficit disorder (ADD) using T.O.V.A. – Test of Variables of Attention – which measures attention and impulsivity in children diagnosed with ADD / ADHD. The system resembles a computer game in which the examinee responds to visual stimulation.
Education of a child with ADHD
If it is determined that a child with ADHD has difficulty mastering the curriculum, which occurs very often, the child is entitled to a special form of education, specified by certain Regulations on the elementary education of students with disabilities. Most common among students with ADHD is a regular curriculum with individualized procedures, depending on the child’s difficulties.
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Poliklinika Kocijan Hercigonja